Article by delboy, published on the Southend LUG website
The Raspberry Pi as it stands consists of the following:
Features of the Raspberry Pi model B board
- Broadcom BCM2835 700MHz ARM1176JZFS processor with FPU and Videocore 4 GPU
- GPU provides Open GL ES 2.0, hardware-accelerated OpenVG, and 1080p30 H.264 high-profile decode
- GPU is capable of 1Gpixel/s, 1.5Gtexel/s or 24GFLOPs with texture filtering and DMA infrastructure
- 256MB RAM
- Boots from SD card, running the Fedora or Debian version of Linux
- 10/100 BaseT Ethernet socket
- Price: £21.60 (exc VAT & delivery)
Attractive though this board is in price at least, it measures about the size of a credit card, it is quite hard to get one I know I have been waiting 4 or 5 months since I knew I could place an order and still don’t have one. I don’t know how true this figure is but am lead to believe some 350,000 people have ordered and waiting delivery for their Raspberry PI Board. If you cant wait to try Raspberry PI you can at least emulate the operating system and it’s processor using a method described below. The board itself may be a good price but you may also need to buy ancillary equipment to use it, which could cost you as much as the board itself.
Below is a procedure for Raspberry PI Debian and to get working there are other distro which you could use instead and should be able to run using a slight variation on the command line executed in fact all you need do is change the image filename. One thing I would like to be able to solve is the resolution problem which comes out at an awful 640 x 480 so if any bright spark can offer an alternative that works if you can help please comment below. (I have tried many variations to the command line below to obtain higher resolution image nothing so far works)
You need to install a qemu-kernel I found mine here.
You will also need the disk image which I obtained here.
You will also need to install some dependent programs this will of course be for Ubuntu or debian
You can use the following command line or use the software centre and install these packages
#> sudo apt-get install qemu qemu-system-arm qemu-kvm-extras qemu-utils
If you want to know what arm emulation processors are available type just the following
#> qemu-arm -cpu ?
Only the Arm – arm1136-r2 processor works for the instructions detailed bellow, if you know differently please comment bellow.
I had put both kernel-qemu and disk image in the same directory and changed my directory to it ie
#> cd /home/delboy/Downloads/iso
This is the command line in its entirety you can if you want add -m 512 if you can spare the memory for it.
#> qemu-system-arm -kernel kernel-qemu -cpu arm1136-r2 -M versatilepb -no-reboot -append "root=/dev/sda2 panic=1" -hda debian6-19-04-2012.img
If you have available the memory you can try this it might be a bit more reposnsive:-
#> qemu-system-arm -kernel kernel-qemu -cpu arm1136-r2 -M versatilepb -no-reboot -append "root=/dev/sda2 panic=1" -hda debian6-19-04-2012.img -m 512
What follows is a breakdown of the qemu command this can be pronounced “q” “emu” if your from the land downunder or you may prefer “qem” “u” choice as always is yours
- qemu-system-arm :the command to emulate an arm system
- -kernel kernel-qemu :the kernel which we use
- -cpu arm1136-r2 :the cpu we need to emulate
- -M versatilepb :the machine we need to emulate
- -no-reboot -append “root=/dev/sda2 panic1” :we mount our root filesystem to /dev/sda in the emulated R-Pi
- -hda debian6-19-04-2012.img :the file which contains the filesystem
- -m 512 :the amount of memory set that this version of the R-Pi has (256 is normal for model B just increase if you want to add more)
Once you have the login prompt you will need to enter the username “pi” in lowercase and without the quotes that surround it, you will be prompted to enter a password and you should use “raspberry” for the image distro we are using above and again lowercase and without the quotes.
To run the graphical part of the distro type the following:
Before running “startx” you may want to improve the display output resolution from 640 x 480 to 800 x 600 here is one way to achieve that. Whilst at the command line and before you start the Xserver type the following:-
#> sudo nano /etc/X11/xorg.conf
Type the following into the file you have just created:-
Identifier “Default Screen”
Modes “800×600” “640×480”
Now you can run “startx” at the command line, still cannot achieve 1024 x 768 tried it but didn’t work neither did 24bit colour depth
If this is the first time you have run either one of these commands please be patient until the program reaches the login prompt
That in a nutshell is it, this should get you running if you can help obtain a working solution for better graphics and resolution please comment below.
IF YOU HAVE COMPLETED THE ABOVE SECTION YOU DO NOT NEED TO DO ANY OF WHAT FOLLOWS BELLOW
Installing Qemu from “git”
First what is “git”
Git is an open source version control system. Git is developed and maintained by the creator of the Linux kernel. Git stores complete files each time the user commits his changes, making recovery and version-diffing reliable, responsive, and simple. This is in contrast to other version control systems which store complete versions as “Deltas” or descriptions of the changes between versions of a file. If a file has not changed between commits then Git simply links to the last changed version.
Why install a later version of “Qemu”
It is an experiment really the above procedure works well enough but does not produce any resolution other than 640 x 480 which is pretty pants really, especially for presentations and demonstrations. So it was felt a later build would allow us to increase the window resolution – hopefully.
Without any variation to the command line code above there was no change in output it was still 640 x 480.
What you need to do and how to do if you want to install “git” yourself
#> sudo apt-get remove qemu
#> sudo apt-get install git build-essential
#> git clone git://git.linaro.org/qemu/qemu-linaro.git
#> cd qemu-linaro
#> ./configure --target-list=arm-softmmu
#> sudo make install
If you have a machine that has a multicore uProcessor you may want to use -j n option were the “n” signifies the number of processors but is not strictly necessary, you can use the option like this.
#> make -j 2
#> sudo make install -j 2